The total number of prisoners at all of the Natzweiler subcamps was estimated to be 19,000 while there was between 7,000 and 8,000 in the main camp at Natzweiler. But not all prisoners were deported.  Also named as associated with this project are doctor Karl Wimmer [de] and the anatomist Anton Kiesselbach [de]. On 2 July 1940, two weeks after the fall of the nearby city of Strasbourg, an internment camp was set up near Schirmeck which existed throughout the war but was never part of the concentration camp system. 1 - 165) Shelf mark: 8130300: Content. Some initial study of the corpses was performed, but the progress of the war stalled completion of the collection. Washington, DC 20024-2126 Les mesures de confinement national prises le 28 octobre dernier entraînent la fermeture du site à partir du 30 octobre jusqu'au 1er décembre prochain. Every human right was replaced by Nazi laws, rules and arbitrary decisions. In September 1944, Sievers telegrammed Brandt: "The collection can be defleshed and rendered unrecognizable. 107969), a Polish born Jew who had been living in Berlin, was positively identified through the efforts of Serge and Beate Klarsfeld. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) --Registers of dead --Germany --Schörzingen. A documentary movie was made about the 86 named men and women who were killed there for that project. Neither of those steps, making the casts nor reducing the corpses to skeletons, was carried out. Four lists of the victims of concentration camps at Schömberg, Schörzingen, and Spaichingen, Germany. Schömberg (Concentration camp) --Registers. Four alphabetical lists, divided by nationality, of 2,305 victims of concentration camps at Schömberg, Schörzingen, and Spaichingen in the Schwaben (Swabia) region of the current-day state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. Strenuous work, medical experiments, poor nutrition and mistreatment by the SS guards resulted in most of the documented deaths, although some prisoners were executed directly, by hanging, by gunshot or by gas. Work, hunger, darkness and the lack of health care caused many epidemics; mortality rates could reach 80%.  The biographies of all 86 people are described in English on a web site set up by Lang.. Ancien camp de concentration de Natzweiler-Struthof. He was sentenced on 16–17 November 1945 and was hanged at Hamelin prison [de] on 13 December 1945. took place at Bullenhuser Damm. The deaths of 86 inmates were, in the words of Hirt, "induced" at a jury rigged gassing facility at Natzweiler-Struthof on several days in August and their corpses, 57 men and 29 women, were sent to Strasbourg for study. , The camp had five commandants and numerous doctors in its history. reading, is happening now. Natzweiler-Struthof was considered the better place for gassing the selected victims (better than at Auschwitz), as they would die one by one, with no damage to the corpses, and Natzweiler-Struthof was at Hirt's disposal. It does not include camps which were created for limited operations or time, as most of these were destroyed by the Nazis.Additionally, this list does not contain the names of the ghettos created by the Nazis. Join us right now to watch a live interview with a He was sentenced to death and subsequently shot by firing squad near Baden-Baden on 20 March 1947. There were an estimated 22,000 deaths at the camp, including its network of subcamps. FIND US. It was a labor camp and a transit camp, as many prisoners were sent to other Nazi concentration camps before the final evacuation. , On 23 November 1944, this camp with its small staff was discovered and liberated by the French First Army as part of the U.S. Sixth Army Group, on the same day that the city of Strasbourg was liberated by the Allies.  Such executions of[who?] Concentration camp inmates --Germany --Spaichingen --Registers. [Additional Geographic Keywords: Dautmergen, Schömberg/Dautmergen]. Concentration Camp Natzweiler: post-war documents concerning the branch camp Schörzingen, primarily cemetery lists, maps and lists of deceased (pp. About 52,000 prisoners were estimated to be held there during its time of operation. ambassador and a Holocaust survivor, is happening now. Its construction was overseen by Hans Hüttig in the spring of 1941, in a heavily-forested and isolated area at an elevation of 800 metres (2,600 ft). survivor, followed by a question-and-answer session. [Additional Geographic Keywords: Dautmergen, Schömberg/Dautmergen] Abstract: Four alphabetical lists, divided by nationality, of 2,305 victims of concentration camps at Schömberg, Schörzingen, and Spaichingen in the Schwaben (Swabia) region … Through 1945, Natzweiler-Struthof had a complex of about 70 subcamps or annex camps. The 86 were from eight countries in German-occupied Europe: Austria, Netherlands, France, Germany, Greece, Norway, Belgium and Poland. Contents of this Book: Add a Comment → Konzentrationlager Natzweiler: Nachkriegs-Dokumente betreffend das Kommando Schörzingen: hauptsächlich Friedhofslisten, Karten … In 1956, he was released from detention after being imprisoned for eleven years. , During the night of 12–13 May 1976, neo-Nazis burned the camp museum, with the loss of important artifacts. He was accused of having murdered four British female spies. The Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database will be unavailable from 6 PM ET on Friday, February 15th, 2019 to 12 PM ET on Saturday, February 16th, 2019 due to scheduled maintenance. Spaichingen (Concentration camp) --Registers. Almost every major German city had at least a slave labor camp nearby. World War, 1939-1945 --Registers of dead --Germany --Schörzingen. Each prisoner's birthdate and city of residence before deportation (if known) are given.  Josef Kramer, acting commandant of Natzweiler-Struthof (who was a Lagerführer at Auschwitz and the last commandant of Bergen Belsen) personally carried out the gassing of 80 of the 86 victims at Natzweiler-Struthof. Then he was tried again by the British for hanging a POW who was a member of the Royal Air Force. Schörzingen (Concentration camp) --Registers. The female prisoner-population in the camp was small, and only seven SS women served in Natzweiler-Struthof camp (compared to more than 600 SS men) and 15 in the Natzweiler complex of subcamps. The camp is preserved as a museum in memory of those held or killed there. Beger was found guilty, although he was credited for pre-trial imprisonment and served no time. In a 2013 documentary by Sonia Rolley and others, two historians remark that "Hirt is one of the most absolutely criminal of National Socialist ideology," adds the historian Yves Ternon. This, however, would mean that the whole work had been done for nothing – at least in part – and that this singular collection would be lost to science, since it would be impossible to make plaster casts afterwards." 4 lists of the victims of concentration camps at Schömberg, Schörzingen, and Spaichingen, Germany. Some people died from the exertions of the work they had to do, while poorly fed. Departmental road 130 67130 NATZWILLER Phone : + 33 (0)3 88 47 44 67 E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org  The next step after making the casts was to have been reducing them to skeletons. Open Overwiew: Content. Merci de votre compréhension. His death was acknowledged as a war crime in 1947 and his family was informed, but the most personal evidence of his presence there, a silver bracelet with his name on it, emerged from the soil in July 2018, as an area with flowers was being watered by a volunteer. It was a labor camp, a transit camp and, as the war went on, a place of execution. Probably on, or about July 20, 1944, Dr. Bodmann undertook a special rigorous selection in all camps. , Four female British SOE agents were executed together on 6 July 1944: Diana Rowden, Vera Leigh, Andrée Borrel and Sonya Olschanezky. Natzweiler-Struthof was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the villages of Natzweiler and Struthof in the Gau Baden-Alsace of Germany, on territory annexed from France on a de facto basis in 1940. , Two British Royal Air Force airmen (Flying Officer Dennis H. Cochran, and Flight Lieutenant Anthony "Tony" R. H. Hayter) who were involved in "The Great Escape" and murdered by the Gestapo after re-capture, were cremated at Natzweiler-Struthof.  Many prisoners were moved to other camps; in particular, in 1944 the former head of Auschwitz concentration camp was brought in to evacuate the prisoners of Natzweiler-Struthof to Dachau as the Allied Armies neared. In 2003, Hans-Joachim Lang, a German professor at the University of Tübingen succeeded in identifying all the victims, by comparing a list of inmate numbers of the 86 corpses at the Reichs University in Strasbourg, surreptitiously recorded by Hirt's French assistant Henri Henrypierre, with a list of numbers of inmates vaccinated at Auschwitz. Roger Boulanger writes of the four British SOE women executed under the supervision of Dr. Plaza and Dr. Rhode, in his section on Capital Punishment (Les exécutions capitales), as to the intent of the RSHA of Berlin, Reichssicherheitshauptamt, to have them disappear with no trace, as their names were not recorded as being at this camp.
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