The term siafu is a loanword from Swahili, and is one of numerous similar words from regional Bantu languages used by indigenous peoples to describe various species of these ants. , D. laevigatus is found on both the main continent of Asia and the Indonesian archipelago. Phenetic affinities of males of the army ant genus Dorylus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae). These ants usually move in a swarm of millions of ants per nest, and they cut and eat anything that stand in their way. Bharti H., Y. P. Sharma, M. Bharti, and M. Pfeiffer.
Dorylus, also known as driver ants, safari ants, or siafu, is a large genus of army ants found primarily in central and east Africa, although the range also extends to southern Africa and tropical Asia. The new colony does not produce sexual brood until the workers mothered by the old queen have died.
Long. [Ed. Rathore, N.S. Males have only one caste, the drone, which is a reproductive caste and is not present in the colony. Wilson (1964) - Type locality: Mulmein, lower Burma. Fauna of Pichhola lake (Rajasthan). n. Any of various army ants of the genus Dorylus of Africa and Asia. Chhotani O.
Hubei Agricultural Sciences 50(7): 1356-1359. (page 11, Possible junior synonym of juvenculus), Emery, C. 1895l. Dorylus tz01. Extant: 61 valid species, 67 valid subspecies. The soldier caste is roughly a centimeter in length, with an enlarged head to house powerful serrated mandibles. Check list of ants from north-west India I. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology 21(2): 163-167. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(1): 9-54. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. Dorylus stadelmanni. During these raids, workers prefer to travel under leaf litter and debris as much as possible and immediately relocate kills underground, which makes observing them quite difficult.
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India : 111(2) : 39-49. Chapter pagination: 467-506.
India. Nat. The true army ants of the Indo-Australian area (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae). Dias, R.K.S., Rajapaksa, R.P.K.C. Dorylus staudingeri.
Her abdomen is enlarged, and she has an average length of just under three centimeters. 2003. Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. 151-159: 155. Nomenclature. In addition, the queen's general inability to easily move without assistance hinders colony emigration attempts. 2014. Ant (Formicidae) fauna of the Thar Desert. Part 4. India. J. Bombay Nat. Insects 6: 427-483 (page 440, see also). Ann. Geographic records of subfamilies, genera and species of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the four climatic zones of Sri Lanka: A review. 11 Specimens 58 Images. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. For print: Abt.  When large numbers of ants are recruited to prey sites, some workers do not stop at the food, but instead continue on briefly in a new direction.
(Part -2). D. laevigatus foraging behavior uniquely abandons the mixed-worker raid model. Accessed . Distribution: Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia. 3 Specimens 4 Images. The queen mates with the male and the colony then splits, with many workers carrying the newly fertile queen off to establish a new colony. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp.
, D. laevigatus is not without its own predators, even falling prey to other colonies of ants within its habitat. When he reaches the nest, his wings are torn off and he is carried to a newly grown virgin queen who is bred when the colony reaches a threshold size.
Sci. 7 Amazing Benefits of CBD for Pets That Every Pet Owner Should Know, Gifts for Dog Owners That Already Have Everything, How To Tame Your Pet Lizard: Have More Fun Safely. Dorylus (Alaopone) vishnui Wheeler, W.M.
Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911-1912, XVII. 9.Zool.Surv.India. Recruitment overrun is one of the few raiding behaviors that D. laevigatus shares with traditionally studied army and driver ants. Dorylus titan vinalli. Clay and Jax inspect the crates being built at the warehouse to hide and disguise the AR-15s during transport. 2004. Dias R. K. S., K. R. K. A. Kosgamage, and H. A. W. S. Peiris. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. Varghese T. 2004. A mature colony will produce about a dozen virgin queens and eventually undergo fission. We encourage use of AntWeb images. Taxonomic studies on ant genera of the Indian Institute of Science campus with notes on their nesting habits. Nat. , D. laevigatus is an omnivorous organism.
Xu Z. We've detected that you are using adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. [State Fauna Series 13.]. Diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Kolhapur district of Maharashtra, India. 13: 462-477 (page 464, worker described), Shuckard, W. E. 1840c. Tak N. 2008. Jahrb. They are lighter colored than their larger relatives and lack the large protruding jaws. State Fauna Series 8: Fauna of Gujarat. , Arthropod prey is usually consumed on the spot or cut up and taken back to the nest, but the ants will always cover the dead organism with soil before taking either action. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dorylinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. These non-changing columns and tunnel systems originate as a large “trunk”tunnel and then branch out to further cover the entire foraging area. Tak N. 2009. A large, polymorphic species. The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Variety of fulvus), Forel, A. , The traditional view of driver ant reproduction involved the colony breeding in a cycle of emigration and reproduction phases. Workers participating in these raids were observed occasionally tunneling back down into the earth at random spots.
Ist. adElem.style.width = rect.width + 'px';  D. laevigatus colonies are small for army ants, estimated averages falling between 30,000 and 1,000,000 individuals.
Mem. Asian Myrmecology 5: 79-101. California Academy of Science, online at https://www.antweb.org. Borowiec M. L. 2016. Surv. K, L (m.) TANZANIA. Clay buys Bobby Munson's vote for drug trafficking by promsising him that when he steps down he will endorse Bo… 8: 233-237 (page 233, worker described), Wilson, E. O. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. Deux nouvelles reines du genre Dorylus Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Dorylus vishnui. 2004. 1906. 2012. Jahrb. The true army ants of the Indo-Australian area (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae). Dorylus spininodis longiceps. New Entomol. Emery, 1901c: 192 (w.); van Boven, 1975: 193 (q.). Mon Nov 02 10:45:25 PST 2020. var adElem = document.getElementById('vi-ad'); Unlike the New World members of the former subfamily Ecitoninae (now Dorylinae), members of this genus do form temporary anthills lasting from a few days up to three months.
A taxonomic study of the ant subfamily Dorylinae in China (Hymenoptera Formicidae). 19 Specimens 4 Images. Management of Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus in stored chickpea through interspecific and intraspecific predation by ants.
Each colony can contain over 20 million individuals. Rec. Zoological Research 22(1): 58-63.
Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Citation: AntWeb.  The nests leave no visible indications of their location when viewed from above ground; researchers only managed to locate them by excavation of foraging tunnels. Siafu Ant, or Dorylus, or Driver Ant, or Safari Ant, is one of the most dangerous ants in the world. Tak N., and N. S. Rathore. Weerakoon, D.K. J. Bombay Nat. D. laevigatus colonies are small for army ants, estimated averages falling between 30,000 and 1,000,000 individuals. Ann. This mimics the stinging behavior of the night wasp which they closely resemble, serving as an effective deterrent towards would-be predators. Zool. Monograph of the Dorylidae, a family of the Hymenoptera Heterogyna. Hist. Zool. You may create an account, or log in anonymously, here. The investigation of soil ant resources on the West slope of Mt Ailao. It preys on other arthropods, worms, and any other animal small enough to be overrun. Boven, J. K. A. van.  Within these areas, D. laevigatus can inhabit a fair range of habitats, due to the largely homeostatic conditions present below ground. Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description. (ed.) Distribution: Afghanistan, India, Pakistan. Dorylus titan vinalli. Status as species: Westwood, 1842: 80; Smith, F. 1859b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 408; Roger, 1863b: 41; Smith, F. 1871a: 335; Dalla Torre, 1893: 12; Emery, 1895j: 724; Forel, 1901a: 464; Bingham, 1903: 2; Forel, 1906b: 90; Emery, 1910b: 13; Menozzi, 1939a: 326; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 10; Wilson, 1964a: 440; Pisarski, 1970: 305; Bolton, 1995b: 179; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 26; Bharti, Guénard.
Army ants are the prime arthropod predators in tropical forests, with huge colonies and an evolutionary derived nomadic life style. They are a eusocial colony-forming species, which live primarily underground, rarely venturing to the surface for any reason. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma.
Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Senior synonym of hindostanus), Emery, C. 1895l. Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 12. 1 Specimens 4 Images. 2017. A member of the Dorylus orientalis-group. adElem.style.zIndex = ''; Soc. These colonies are also low in non-ant guest species compared to terrestrial driver ant species. Aslam M., F. Asif Shaheen, and A. Ayyaz. Only when confronted with ants which occupy the same swarming army niche do they behave aggressively, specifically when dealing with D. vishnui, a similar species of driver ant with which it shares habitat.
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Furthermore, on rare occasions, D. laevigatus will venture above ground to forage in large swarm raids. Bernard F. 1953. Dorylus striatidens. The original description was of a single worker, TL 8.0; but Emery (1901) received others from Cameroun which were longer, TL 10 mm. Type-material: syntype males (number not stated).
Geogr. India. sp., Emery, 1895j: 713, illustrated, workers) from Accra .. Emery's (1895j) description is at .Emery's (1901c) description is at .. Nomenclature. Type-material: syntype males (number not stated). ], Fauna of Manipur, part - 2 (insects). Males of typical surface-forgaging driver ants locate the nests via chemical smells.
 Within these chambers, the ants form the true structures of their colonies: living chambers of ants linked together suspended within the cavity called bivouacs. Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists, References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics, Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
adElem.style.top = ''; Characteristic of their genus, D. laevigatus is blind, possessing no eyes and communicating entirely through pheromones. Forel A. A checklist of the ants of China.
 The queen is the largest female caste and is the sole fertile female in the colony. More specifically known as "driver ants", the genus Dorylus is abundant throughout Africa and stretches into tropical Asia, where D. laevigatus is primarily found.
Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 724, Combination in D. (Typhlopone)), Emery, C. 1895l. Civ.
Wheeler, W. M. 1913f. 2019. Boven J. K. A. van, and J. Levieux. The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers, xi + 410 pp.
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