National Country Party strength in the Senate fell to three, the lowest since the war. This co-operation enabled the Nationalists to retain all of their 26 seats won at the previous election, as well as gain an additional 11 seats. On this occasion Labor managed to win seven Senate seats, a marked improvement on its nil return in 1925. The Coalition Government was returned with less than 50 per cent of the estimated two-party preferred vote (49.8 per cent). The Coalition won 20 of the 40 Senate places up for election. On 9 February 1923 the Bruce-Page Nationalist-Country Coalition Government was sworn in.
Prime Minister Menzies chose not to make the houses’ elections simultaneous. Senate compositions 1901–2013 Labor won 83 seats, the Liberal Party won 55 and the Nationals secured ten. The appointment of a replacement senator, from the Labor Party, was subsequently declared void later in 1907 and the ensuing election for that third Senate seat in early 1908 saw the Anti-Socialists regain the seat. The work cannot be adapted or modified in any way.
The election was one of contrasting results for the minor parties: the Australian Democrats’ vote collapsed and they failed to win a seat, but on the other hand the Greens won two seats to give them four in the new Senate, the same as the Democrats. Labor therefore regained control of the Senate for the first time in 22 years. The Liberal Party’s single seat majority in the House of Representatives, and the absence of Government control in the Senate, had encouraged Prime Minister Cook to trigger a double dissolution election under section 57 of the Constitution. He was later replaced by Malcolm Turnbull (September 2008 to December 2009).
Once again no one political group gained a majority of Representative seats, with the Protectionists winning 26 seats, the Free Traders 25 seats and Labor 23 seats.
Labor won five seats and the Protectionists claimed two seats.
, This paper does not show by-election results. The combined first preference vote for the three major parties (79.6 per cent) was the lowest since 1943.
Labor was able to reclaim many of the seats that it had lost in New South Wales in 1931 and 1934. The election resulted in a sweeping victory for the two non-Labor parties. To access this service, clients may contact the author or the Library‘s Central Entry Point for referral. , This paper does not show by-election results. In a worrying trend for electoral administrators, the informal vote in the House of Representatives continued to increase and, at 5.2 per cent, was the second highest on record since 1949. The continuing success of the DLP and independent candidates at the 1967 separate half-Senate election increased their number to five, at that time a post-war record number. A supernumerary senator was elected from each state to bring the size of the Senate up to its full complement of members. For the first time since the Second World War, the ALP won a majority of House of Representatives seats from Victoria. The previous method had tended to produce a ‘winner-take-all’ result.
Labor was still weak in NSW, where they secured a single seat to Lang Labor’s nine seats.
In the House of Representatives the Nationalist-Country parties held 43 seats, Labor 32 seats, and one independent was returned. In the Senate, minor parties and independents maintained their position. Country Party leader Arthur Fadden became Prime Minister. Voter turnout was 91.4 per cent of enrolled voters, an increase of 32 per cent over the 1922 figure.
In the Senate, one ACL candidate was elected from Victoria where the ALP vote fell by 15.9 per cent to 35.0 per cent.
The Coalition Government regained control of the Senate.
However, the Fadden UAP-Country Coalition soon lost control of the House of Representatives when the two independents withdrew their support, and Labor’s John Curtin became Prime Minister on 7 October 1941. Records of the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, Parliamentary Friendship Groups (non-country), http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/library/prspub/YUKX6/upload_binary/, http://aec.gov.au/Elections/Federal_Elections/, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/download/library/prspub/B7CS6/upload_binary/b7cs62.pdf;fileType=, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Australia, Parliament of Australia Web Site Privacy Statement, House of Representatives chamber and business documents, Getting involved in Parliamentary Committees, Department of the House of Representatives, figures for the number of electors enrolled, the number and percentage of votes received by party, and. Reid and the Free Traders formed the official opposition. Cook’s move backfired, for the Labor Party gained a comfortable victory, winning 42 of the 75 House of Representatives seats. The effect of this change was to reduce greatly the incidence of informal votes in the Senate from 9.9 per cent in 1983 to 4.7 per cent in 1984. The 1951 election occurred after Menzies secured a double dissolution resulting from the ALP-controlled Senate refusing to pass the Government’s banking legislation. During the period 1901 to 2014, there have been 44 general elections for the House of Representatives and 42 Senate elections. In the Senate, the Greens had its best ever result picking up six seats. In the Senate, minor parties continued to hold the balance of power, despite a strong result by the Coalition. To access this service, clients may contact the author or the Library‘s Central Entry Point for referral. On 9 November 1934 Prime Minister Lyons and the UAP entered into a coalition with the Country Party, and Scullin retained leadership of the Labor opposition until November 1935 when John Curtin became Labor leader. . Tony Abbott succeeded Turnbull from December 2009. The conservatives therefore took control of the Senate, occupying 26 seats to Labor’s ten seats. A 1924 agreement struck between the Nationalist and Country parties to exchange preferences, greatly aided the conservative parties. In the Senate, minor parties continued to hold the balance of power, despite a strong result by the Coalition. The 1951 election occurred after Menzies secured a double dissolution resulting from the ALP-controlled Senate refusing to pass the Government’s banking legislation.
This increase in voter support was translated into a net gain of seven seats, but the Cook team narrowly won office, 38 seats to Labor’s 37. Enrolled figures represent the total number of electors enrolled in each state, while enrolled division figures represent the number of electors enrolled in contested divisions only. The election saw the worst result for the ALP in the post-war period.
The 1961 election was one of only five occasions in the post-war period where the party winning government has received less than 50 per cent of the two-party preferred vote. The 1910 election has been the only Commonwealth election to have taken place due to the effluxion of time. Australian Electoral Commission, Federal election results, http://aec.gov.au/Elections/Federal_Elections/, accessed on 9 December 2011.
The Coalition lost control of the Senate, but still held 37 seats—five more than the Government. Due to the Nationalist Party’s loss of seats, the Country Party occupied a pivotal position in the House of Representatives.
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